126 FLORA INDICA.
The monsoon is so checked by the great elevation and
breadth of this range, that its east flank partakes much of
the climate of Mysore, many plants of that country ascend-
ing almost to the crest of the chain, which is therefore, as
Gardner informs us, wholly unsuited to the growth of Coffee.
The ravines and shady slopes near the undulating summits
of the Nilghiri hills arc occupied by thickets of small trees
and bushes, like those of Ceylon, but probably composed of a
greater number of species, all of which arc equally character-
istic of similar situations in the Khasia, as Ter/istrcewiacea,
Mickelia, Symptocos, Photinia, Ikx> Eugenia, Vactinium,
Gaultheria, Myrsinea, Rhododendron arboreitm, Pittospon&n,
Laurinea, with Rubus, Cotoneaster, Desmodlum, Jasininum,
Euonymus, Indiflofcra, Daphne, Euphvrbiace<£, Antidemuw,
Willow, Melastomacvtf, and a vast number of others. Of
forms that do not extend to Ceylon, arc Willow, Outturn, Vi-
burnum, Lonicera, Rosa. Balsams attain their maximum in
the Nilghiri and Travancor mountains; and amongst Euro-
pean forms are Alchemilla, Potcntilla, Gentianea, and Labiata.
Ayrimoma, however, which is found both in the temperate
parts of India and in Ceylon, is absent from the Nilghiri.
NAG AH.—Of this district, which lies to the north of Ktirg,
comparatively little is known; politically it belongs to Mysore,
but its climate and vegetation appear to be identical with
that of Malabar. For the most part it consists of rounded
or table-topped hills, 4-5000 feet in mean elevation, often
cultivated to that height, and rising in some places to upwards
of 6000 feet, the portion called Bababuden Hills being said
to be 5700 feet. As with all other parts of the chain, the
climate of the western parts is excessively humid: the rains
at the town of Nagar (or Bednor), elevated 4000 feet on a
spur to the westward of the chain, are said to last for nine
months, during six of which they are so heavy that the in.
habitants cannot leave their houses. The eastern parts again
are more level, and drier, and resemble other districts of